Artificial tears – The most basic method of treating dry eye starts with artificial tears. Available over the counter at any pharmacy, artificial tears come in a variety of thicknesses to suit their application. Thinner artificial tears are ideal for day use, where they provide relief (but will need frequent application), whereas thicker tears are suitable for overnight use.
Oral medications – Oral medications (namely, Restasis) help promote tear production. Restasis takes up to 90 days to be in full effect. Other type of oral medications, usually anti inflammatory medication, may also be used to relieve dry eye symptoms.
Meibomian gland expression – Your meibomian glands are responsible for providing crucial components of your eye’s lubrication. These glands can clog and exacerbate symptoms. Meibomian gland expression is temporarily uncomfortable, but it provides tremendous benefits and relief from symptoms.
Warm compresses – Another way to unclog the glands responsible for lubricating the eye, warm compresses can be done nearly any time and in the comfort of your home. We recommend doing this several times per day for 5 to 10 minutes per session.
IPL therapy – Intensive pulse light therapy is a relatively new way to treat dry eye. Think of IPL therapy as the world’s most technologically advanced warm compress, as it achieves similar results of warm compresses but in a much more efficient and powerful way.
Restasis – Restasis is a prescription eye drop that is proven to help the body produce more natural tears. Unlike artificial tears, which provide immediate lubrication and symptom relief, Restasis takes up to 3 months to show its effects. However, it’s long-term success rate is quite high and thus it is an often utilized method to improve patient comfort and quality of life.
Xiidra – Xiidra was recently granted FDA approval for treatment of both dry eye syndrome and the signs of dry eye syndrome. It works by reducing ocular inflammation, reducing symptoms and improving patient comfort. Compared to Restasis, Xiidra is reported to have fewer instances of side effects.